By Elizabeth Rose
American citizens this day reside with conflicting principles approximately day care. We criticize moms who pick out to not remain at domestic, yet we strain ladies on welfare to depart their little ones at the back of. We realize the advantages of early youth schooling, yet don't supply it as a public correct till young ones input kindergarten. our kids are worthwhile, yet we pay minimal wages to the overwhelmingly girl team which cares for them. we aren't fairly definite if day care is dangerous or invaluable for kids, or if moms should still relatively be within the group. to higher know how we now have arrived at those present-day dilemmas, Elizabeth Rose argues, we have to discover day care's past.
A Mother's Job is the 1st publication to provide such an exploration. therefore examine of Philadelphia, Rose examines different meanings of day deal with households and services from the overdue 19th century throughout the postwar prosperity of the Nineteen Fifties. Drawing on richly exact documents created via social staff, she explores altering attitudes approximately motherhood, charity, and kid's needs.
How did day care swap from a charity for terrible unmarried moms on the flip of the century right into a well-known desire of normal households through 1960? This ebook strains that transformation, telling the tale of day care from the altering views of the households who used it and the philanthropists and social staff who administered it. We see day care in the course of the eyes of the immigrants, whites, and blacks who relied upon day care carrier in addition to via these of the pros who supplied it.
This quantity will entice someone drawn to realizing the roots of our present day care hindrance, in addition to the wider problems with schooling, welfare, and women's work--all concerns within which the foremost questions of day care are enmeshed. scholars of social heritage, women's historical past, welfare coverage, childcare, and schooling also will come across a lot priceless info during this well-written book.
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Extra resources for A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003)
John’s Nursery . . ”58 The Sisters also visited the homes of other poor Catholics in the parish; Sister Frances Finley remembered that “S[iste]r Lizzie was a byword in the Parish. . ”59 Philadelphia’s Catholic day nurseries, concerned with providing speciﬁcally Catholic care for children, kept their distance from the Protestant and Jewish nurseries grouped together in the PADN. 60 The Catholic nurseries were content to provide shelter, care, and religious instruction for the children of their parishes, and they seem to have remained relatively isolated from the debates among day nursery founders, social workers, and reformers that affected those nurseries more closely tied to the organized day nursery movement.
Fearing the negative consequences of taking on “a mother’s job,” day nursery managers simultaneously stressed the homelike nature of their nurseries and sought to reshape the homes from which day nursery children came. Day nurseries were intended for working mothers, but not for all working mothers. In order to be sure that women who were looking for a way to free themselves of daily responsibility for their children did not use the nurseries, day nursery managers limited their charity to women in speciﬁc circumstances.
69 Even at the handful of PADN nurseries that did not have such elite boards, the board members still came from well-to-do families. For instance, the husbands of the board members of St. 70 Day nursery boards were ﬁlled with people who had longstanding ties to each other. “Foster Mothers” 25 Like other German-Jewish philanthropies in the city, the board of the Young Women’s Union— made up of women whose families owned major department stores and cigar, meat-packing, and paper factories in the city— was linked by a “spider web” of business and family relationships.
A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003) by Elizabeth Rose