By K. R. Bhattacharya, Syed Zakiuddin Ali
This e-book provides the essence of the idea and perform of drying, garage, milling, aging, parboiling, products-making, and byproducts utilisation of rice in an easy, unencumbered type that's available even to the lay individual. The booklet could be of price to the managers and operators of the hundreds of thousands of rice turbines strewn all around the Rice state. it may even be welcome to scholars of meals expertise for his or her first publicity to the topic, and to the lay person.
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Additional resources for An introduction to rice-grain technology
Embryo and scutellum are rich in fat, proteins and vitamins. When rice is milled, some part of the scutellum is retained in the milled rice. More the scutellum is retained; more is the nutritive value of milled rice. , 2002, used with permission from IRRI] The weight distribution of various anatomical parts of brown rice is: pericarp – 1% to 2%, aleurone and seed coat – 4% to 6%, germ (embryo) – 2% to 5%, and endosperm – 89% to 94%. It is estimated that the approximate aggregate number of endosperm cells in a rice grain is about 180,000.
3 Drying of paddy 43 The role of air in drying The relation of the principles of ERH or EMC to drying of grain is now easy to understand. e. had it not been prone to exchange moisture with the surroundings, there would have been no scope for drying of the material at all. It is precisely because the grain, like all other biological material, is always prone to exchange its moisture with the surroundings that a moist or damp grain can be dried. The trick is therefore to manipulate its surrounding atmosphere as to make it natural for the grain to lose its moisture.
In this situation, water vapour flows from the grain to the surrounding air or from the air to the grain depending on whichever vapour pressure is higher. If the grain is wet and its vapour pressure is high, © 2015 by Woodhead Publishing India Pvt. Ltd. Drying of paddy 41 then water vapour flows from the grain to the air and the grain dries. e. e. the air humidity is high, then the water vapour flows from air to the grain and the moisture content of the grain increases. The grain and the surrounding air thus always exchange moisture depending on which one is at a higher vapour pressure and which one has less.
An introduction to rice-grain technology by K. R. Bhattacharya, Syed Zakiuddin Ali